Which Type of Engineering Should You Study

  • Which Type of Engineering Should You Be Studying in 2021 and Beyond?
  • The Best Engineering to Study Today
  • The Most Popular, Most Wanted, and Most Lucrative Engineering Jobs in 2021

Meta Description: How do you choose the most appropriate field of engineering to study? Do you prefer a lucrative occupation, or do you choose an area that you like? Maybe you can choose something in between. Here’s a look at the type of engineering you can study in 2021.

Engineering is a broad umbrella term for a variety of fields. All these fields include problem-solving, and some fields overlap one another while others are drastically different.  While any engineering career can be rewarding, not all areas are entirely suitable for aspiring engineers. If you are wondering which type of engineering you should study, you must consider various factors. Here’s a little help to help you decide which kind of engineering will suit you best.

Understanding the various types of engineering

You can’t decide what type of engineering you should study if you don’t know what the available engineering fields are or what is available. Here’s a look at some of the various broad branches of engineering. Each of the following areas could trickle down further to subfields.

Aerospace or aeronautical engineering

Deals with the science and technology of aircraft. Astronautical engineering (a field that focuses on spacecraft) falls under this category. Aerospace engineers have a deep interest in modern jets and flight travel, flight simulation, and how aircraft function under extreme conditions. They specialize in aerodynamics, composites analysis, avionics, and more.

Chemical engineering

This field of engineering concerns itself with the use of biological and chemical processes to create useful substances. Chemical engineering involves natural science, life sciences, experimental sciences, economics, and mathematics. These engineers must have an analytical mindset and have a deep interest in chemical processes. 

Chemical engineers can branch off into specializations like process design, process engineering, chemical reaction engineering, transport phenomena, or plant design. 

Civil engineering

Civil engineers are involved with designing and developing small projects like buildings and roads to more significant and more massive infrastructure projects like water supply networks or nationwide transport systems. Civil engineers have a keen interest in designing and building things and geotechnics, hydraulics, and statistical analysis. They have strong design skills – especially in computer-aided design. 

Civil engineering specializations include geotechnical engineering, environmental engineering, transportation engineering, architectural engineering, and hydraulic engineering. 

Computer engineering

Computer engineers design and prototype computing software and hardware. Computer engineering merges computer science and electrical engineering. 

Computer engineers have a keen interest in careers related to computers and have an aptitude for science, computers, and mathematics. 

Some computer engineering specializations are computer architecture, VHDL design, and microprocessor systems. 

Electronic/electrical engineering

Electronics and electrical engineering focus on electrical power applications. While electrical engineering focuses on a larger scale, electronics engineers work with smaller electronic circuits like in computers. 

Electronics and electrical engineers are interested in how electrical systems and devices work and how they can be improved.

Electrical engineering specializations include power generation and supply, computer systems and robotics, and communication and media.

Mechanical engineering

Mechanical engineering is the field of engineering that concerns itself with the design, manufacturing, and maintenance of all types of mechanical systems. Mechanical engineers study thermodynamics, fluid dynamics, mechanical design, stress analysis, and technical drawing. Mechatronics engineering is an engineering field that combines electronic engineering and mechanical engineering. 

Mechanical engineers have a keen desire to study, understand, and improve mechanical technologies. 

Manufacturing, combustion, nanotechnology, and transportation systems are some mechanical engineering specializations. 

Which type of engineering field fetches good money?

Everyone wants to make money. Engineering is a lucrative field, but some specializations are more lucrative than others. If one of the considerations is the pay scale, consider the following options. We have added the mean annual salaries according to the United States Department of Labor.

  • Chemical engineering: $114,470
  • Electrical engineering: 101,600
  • Computer engineering (hardware engineering): $117,840
  • Computer engineering (software engineering): $114,000
  • Biomedical engineering: $95,090
  • Civil engineering: $93,720
  • Construction management: $103,110
  • Environmental engineering: 92,640
  • Mechatronics: $86,690
  • Mechanical engineering: $96,930
  • Mechanical engineering technology: $99,310

Which types of engineers are most needed in 2021?

There will always be job opportunities for engineering graduates because the world needs their specialized services. But with more and more jobs (even engineering jobs getting automated), some engineering jobs are safer than others for the future. As an aspiring engineering graduate, you naturally want to ensure that you will have a job for yourself when you get out of college and several years down the road. Here is a list of engineers who will be most in-demand in 2021 and beyond.

  • Environmental engineers
  • Solar photovoltaic installers
  • Wind turbine technicians
  • Marine engineers and naval architects
  • Software developers and engineers
  • Biomedical engineers
  • Civil engineers
  • Electrical and electronic engineers
  • Industrial engineers
  • Chemical engineers
  • Automation and robotic engineers
  • Alternative energy engineers


So, there you have it – a list of different engineering types to pursue. Consider your interests, salary, and job requirements. It finally all boils down to your interests, the kind of work environment you prefer, and the area of engineering you find most interesting. There might be several engineering fields to choose from, but a few things unite all engineers. Firstly, all engineers have a love for engineering. Secondly, all engineers protect themselves with the relevant insurance for engineers. Click here for more information on architects & engineers insurance.


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